Changing Zetec Camshafts

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Changing Zetec Camshafts Empty Changing Zetec Camshafts

Post by Davespages on Mon Feb 11, 2008 7:11 am

The Aim

The aim of this guide is to give a step by step procedure so anybody who owns a few tools can change the camshafts in their zetec engine.

- The Guide is Generic so Applies to Fiesta/Escort/Mondeo Silvertop engines.
- Dependant on the vehicle, you may have to remove other things such as Drivers Front wheel, Arch Liners or Fluid bottles to gain access to the cam belt/tension-er.

Tools Needed for the Camshaft removal and refitting.
(Other tools might be needed if other vehicle specific bits need removing for access)

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4153

- 5mm Thick Bar (Camshaft timing)
- 17mm Spanner (Cam-belt tension-er bolt)
- Torx Bit Male T-50 (Cam-belt tension-er bolt)
- Allan Key 6mm (Cam-belt tension-er)
- Various Sockets. 8mm, 10mm and 18mm.
- Torx Female Socket E-10 (Cam Bearing Caps)


With the engine on the floor, the procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.
With the engine in the vehicle the time can vary due to the location of covers that block access to the cam-belt assembly.

Escort: The first time i did this it took 3 hours from start to finish. I've done it dozens of times now and the quickest i've managed is an hour and a half.

The reason behind the extra 1-2 hours is due to the removal of parts that restrict access to the cam belt assembly or are generally in the way.

- Drivers front wheel off, Inner Arch Lining Removed (Allows access through the wing to the cam belt cover)
- Lower Crank Pulley Cover (Allows access to the crank pulley)
- Power Steering Fluid Reservoir (Removal gives space to work between the wing and the cam belt)
- Coolant Reservoir (As above for PAS reservoir))
- Air Box/Inlet Pipe (Allows removal of HT leads)
- HT Leads (Allows removal of the Camshaft cover - Often referred to as the "rocker cover")

Ignore the Arrows for the time being, the point of the picture below is to show the space freed up by removing the arch liner and PAS/Coolant tanks.
You can clearly see the improved access to the cam belt assembly through the wing.
Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4034a

As mentioned earlier in this guide, I had my old Zetec engine on the floor so just picture all this in your engine bay.

- Remove the Camshaft Pulley Cover (2x 8mm Bolts)
- Remove the Cam Belt cover (2x 8mm Bolts and an 8mm nut on a half thread bolt... both nut and bolt need removing using an 8mm socket. This cover requires pulling up and away from the engine so that the bottom lip of the cover pulls out from the water pump pulley)

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4141
Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4171

You will now be left with this...
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Using a good Ratchet (Preferably 1/2" drive) and an 18mm socket, turn the engine over clockwise untill its TDC (Top Dead Centre)
This is achieved by turning the crank pulley clockwise untill the SECOND notch on the crank pulley lines up with the diagonal timing mark on the sump.

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4075

With the Engine at TDC, you can now remove the Camshaft Cover (Referred to as the "rocker cover") 10x 10mm bolts.

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4144

Cover Removed

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Using the 30cm long, 5mm Thick Bar (5mm thickness is imperitive for the camshaft dowl grooves) slide it in the timing grooves, it might need tapping it but should go in, this is the basis for timing the camshafts up.

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Before you continue, you can now remove the 5mm thick bar.

Camshaft Removed

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Fit the Replacement Camshaft and lubricate (with fresh engine oil) where the bearing caps sit.
(This provides lubrication for the first few moments before oil is circulated up from the block)

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- Re-fit the bearing caps IN ORDER.
- Tighten the bearing caps down using the tightening sequence below.

Changing Zetec Camshafts Bearingcaptightening

Note: Don't over tighten them as i have sheared a bolt in the head before... not good at all!

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Now you can start on the Inlet Camshaft using the same procedure as the Exhaust Camshaft.

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4161

You will now notice that the cams are sitting as they want - not timed up (This is due to the valve springs pushing up the hydraulic tappets and subsequently the cam's on the camshaft and turning the shaft a bit)

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4162

So turn the Camshaft pullies to align the dowl grooves up with the head face and slot (or tap) in the 5mm thick bar to get the cams timed up.

Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4163

You can now slip the Cambelt back on the pullies.

(In this exercise i replaced the cams back to standard cams, you can see that with the engine at TDC and cams timed with eachother that the original timing marks made by a previous mechanic on the pullies line up which confirms the engines timing being spot on)

Using the 6mm Allen Key Tension the belt by moving the Tensioner and then tighten the bolt using a 17mm Spanner or the T50 Torx Bit.

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Getting the tension on the belt is crucial, get it wrong and it could spell the end for the engine.

- Too Loose... Belt slips off.. Valve/Piston contact.
- Too Tight, Premature wear to belt.. stretching... Whining noise from belt... Reduced life of the belt

There should be no slack on the belt.
Look at the photo's below, they show the ammount of "twist" the belt should have.
- To much twist - TOO LOOSE
- Very Diifficult to twist - TOO TIGHT.

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Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4167

45 Degree Twist either way is about right.
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There should be virtually no twist between the crank and the tensioner....
Changing Zetec Camshafts 100d4170

If you are happy with the tension you can proceed, else slacken the tension and re-tension again.

- Remove the 5mm thick bar from the Camshafts.
- Using the 18mm Socket, Turn the engine over clockwise by the Crank Pulley and give the crank 2-3 full rotations.
(This is to make sure there is no nasty supprises like Valve/Piston Contact)
- Fit the "Rocker Cover" back on using a 10mm socket and dont overtighten the 10 Bolts.

If you are happy with this (And only if) briefly turn the engine over to make sure it starts and runs fine.

- Refit the Cam Belt Cover (This is fiddly to get over the Water Pump pulley but it will go back, try pushing it down at an angle) and tighten the 3x 8mm bolts
- Refit the Camshaft Pulley Cover, 2x 8mm bolts.
- Refit HT leads

As far as the "Generic" Guide Goes... this is it, done and Dusted.

If you removed other things for easy access like air box, PAS/Coolant Resivoirs and Wheel Arch Liner Etc then these need refitting using the tools you used to remove them...

Disclaimer: Neither Ford-Force or any of its members will accept liability for any possible damage caused by carrying out this guide, if you are unsure of anything, get a fully qualified mechanic to help.

Changing Zetec Camshafts Sig
Escort Gti
2.0 16v 153bhp, 141ft.lbs
Davespages 2002-2007

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